|Plant Physiology (Biology 327) - Dr. Stephen G. Saupe; College of St. Benedict/ St. John's University; Biology Department; Collegeville, MN 56321; (320) 363 - 2782; (320) 363 - 3202, fax; email@example.com|
Study Guide: Cell Unit
The goal of this unit is to examine the structure and function of
plant cells and to study the process by which plant cells grow.
Upon completion of this unit you should be able to:
for Thought & Study:
glyoxysome, peroxisome, mitochondria, oleosomes, microtubules, microfilaments.
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Organisms: Complete
the following table comparing prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
|Example (name some organism)|
|Kingdom(s) with these type of cells|
|Cell size (less than 10 μm; greater than 10 μm)|
|organization of DNA (circular, linear)|
|Cell organization (uni vs. multicellular)|
|mitochondria (yes/ no)|
|9 + 2 microtubules (yes/no)|
|first to evolve|
Compare Plants, Animals and Prokaryotes. Using a (+) or other symbol, indicate which of the cell structures occurs in each group. (not on exam)
|plant cell||animal cell|
For each of the following pairs, indicate if the first is part of the second (A), or the second is part of the first (B), or they have no particular relationship to each other (N):
____ mitochondria, cristae
____ golgi complex, nucleus
____ nucleolus, nucleus
Concept Map: can you make a concept map containing the names of all the organelles? Or, try to fill-in the concept map posted here.
For each of the following, select the one that doesn't fit and then write a caption to describe the relationship between the remaining four. For example: oak tree, dandelion, daisy, orchid, dead cat. Dead cat doesn't fit. The remaining four are �plants.� Note there may be more than one correct answer.
mitochondrion, nucleus, chloroplast, lysosome, amyloplast
amyloplast, chloroplast, chromoplast, golgi body, etioplast
stroma, matrix, cytoplasm, nucleoplasm, cell membrane
endoplasmic reticulum, golgi body, mitochondrion, plasma membrane, tonoplast
chromatin, mesosome, nucleoplasm, nucleolus, nuclear envelope
middle lamella, plasma membrane, plasmodesmata, primary wall, secondary wall
actin, cisternae, microtubule, microfibril, tubulin
glyoxisome, lysosome, microsome, microbody, peroxisome
True or false (if false, correct the statement):
_____ Some cells are large enough to be seen with the naked eye
_____ the surface/volume ratio is usually larger for a prokaryotic cell than a eukaryotic cell
_____ The ribosomes found in your mitochondria are more like the ribosomes of bacteria than like the ribosomes in the cytoplasm of your muscle cells
_____ Since prokaryotic cells lack mitochondria and chloroplasts, they cannot carry out photosynthesis or respiration
01/29/2009 � Copyright by SG